Bangkok is the cultural, economic and political capital of Thailand. The city features both old-world charm and modern convenience.
Many visitors in Bangkok are overwhelmed by the sheer size of the city and the vast number of attractions it has to offer. Indeed, there are many sightseeing opportunities in Bangkok, spanning for more than two centuries of rapid development following the city’s founding in 1782. Today, Bangkok is considered a transport hub and a popular travel destination in Asia.
Located near the equator, Bangkok has a tropical climate. The temperatures typically range from 19 to 38C (66-100 F). Monsoon rains fall predominately from May to July, and cooler weather occurs around November and December.
Approximately 7 million of the country’s total population lives in Bangkok. The population of Thailand is roughly 65 million.
Thai is the official language of Thailand. English is spoken and understood by some locals, particularly in key cities like Bangkok, Chiang Mai and Phuket.
The standard time in Bangkok is GMT +7.
Banks are normally open Monday to Friday, from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm. Meanwhile, branches and currency exchange booths located inside shopping malls are open during weekend, and they operate longer hours. To locate a bank near you, click here.
The local currency is Thai Baht. The current exchange rate is approximately THB 31 to USD1 (subject to change). Foreign currencies can be exchanged at banks, hotels and the airport. To know the current exchange rates, click here.
All major credit cards are accepted in most hotels, shops and restaurants. The most widely accepted credit cards are Visa and Master Card. Restaurants and shops generally display signs indicating which cards are accepted.
The standard voltage in Thailand is 220V. Power outlets usually accommodate flat two pronged plugs, though some feature holes for round plug ends. Only few power outlets feature three holes (grounded outlets) so it is necessary to have a three to two prong adapter when going to Bangkok.
The country code +66 is used for calling Thailand from another country.
The phone system in the country is modern and widespread. Local SIM cards for mobile phone can be purchased at the airport, shopping malls and convenience stores. Moreover, mobile phones from overseas will work in Thailand, provided they are compatible with GSM 900 and 1800 networks. Calling friends and family while in Bangkok using your roaming number is possible, however, the charges can be quite expensive.
Meanwhile, payphones are available in most parts of Bangkok. They accept either coins or prepaid phone cards that can be purchased at convenience stores. Emergency numbers are often three or four digits, including 1555 for Tourist Police.
EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBER
Fire department, police and ambulance services are available via telephone number 02 2555 9937.